September 14, 2023 8:00 am

Peter Bonney

Requests for information (RFI), requests for proposal (RFP), and requests for quotation (RFQ)—collectively known as RFX—are common practices in today's business world. For those responding to RFXs, fully grasping the process and specifics can mean the difference between winning and losing out on major contracts and opportunities. This guide breaks down the ins and outs of RFIs, RFPs and RFQs to help you respond effectively, no matter which specific type of request you're completing.

What Does RFX Stand For?

RFX is an umbrella acronym that refers to:

  • RFP - Request for Proposal
  • RFQ - Request for Quotation
  • RFI - Request for Information

Essentially, RFX covers any "request for..." issued by a company looking to source products, services, pricing, or information from potential vendors. Understanding the specifics of each type of request is key for crafting an effective response.

The RFX Process Explained

The process typically follows these steps:

  1. A company issues an RFI, RFP or RFQ document detailing their requirements and specifications.
  2. Interested suppliers review it and prepare responses by a set deadline.
  3. The buyer evaluates all responses received.
  4. Follow up discussions, negotiations, or supplier visits may occur.
  5. The buyer selects the winning response and finalizes the engagement.

For respondents, closely following instructions and submitting compelling, timely proposals is critical for RFX success.

Types of RFX

There are three main types of RFX to understand:

RFP (Request for Proposal)

RFPs are used when a company needs to source complete solutions or services. The RFP provides detailed requirements and expectations. Respondents must outline their proposed solution, methodology, timelines, and pricing. RFPs often lead to long-term partnerships.

RFQ (Request for Quotation)

RFQs focus strictly on pricing for specific products or services. The requirements are set, and suppliers provide their best quotation to meet those needs. RFQs are common for one-time procurements.

RFI (Request for Information)

RFIs are used to gather general information about capabilities, experience, and pricing from suppliers. RFIs come before RFPs or RFQs to help buyers determine their strategy. Responses to RFIs position suppliers for future RFX opportunities.

Why Businesses Use RFX

RFX benefits businesses by:

  • Generating competition to get the best value proposals.
  • Comparing offerings from multiple vendors simultaneously.
  • Discovering new suppliers and solutions.
  • Establishing pricing standards.
  • Creating transparency in the procurement process.

Overall, it enables organizations to make strategic, informed sourcing decisions.

Tips for Responding to an RFX

Follow these tips for RFX success:

  • Read the RFX thoroughly and ensure you meet all requirements.
  • Clarify any questions you have as early as possible.
  • Follow instructions exactly for structure, format, and submission.
  • Succinctly communicate your value and differentiators.
  • Submit your response on time - late submissions may be rejected.
  • Carefully proofread before sending.
  • Be prepared for follow up discussions or interviews.

Avoid these common mistakes:

  • Not aligning the response to the RFX specifications.
  • Submitting generic, boilerplate responses.
  • Waiting until the last minute.
  • Including unrealistic claims or unsupported assertions.
  • Failing to follow instructions.

To dive deeper on writing good response content, check out our RFP response examples.

RFX Software Solutions

Specialized software tools can streamline and optimize the response process. Key features include:

Leveraging technology improves efficiency, consistency, and compliance for RFX respondents.

Real-Life Success Story

Vendorful won it's first big customer (QVC) for our original procurement product via RFP! We did it despite our small size and early stage of development by:

  • Demonstrating deep understanding of their needs.
  • Outlining an existing capability to support a large and complex team.
  • Providing a detailed project plan.
  • Emphasizing partnership and an ability to rapidly incorporate feedback.
  • Quoting competitive, value-driven pricing.

Our responsiveness and willingness to negotiate also helped seal the deal. That RFP response led to an enduring win-win partnership that continues to this day.


Mastering the RFX response process is invaluable for suppliers seeking new business. While time consuming, a well-crafted RFX response can unlock major opportunities. Remember to follow instructions, articulate your value, and put your best foot forward. With a structured, compelling response, you can earn the winning bid for your company.


What's the difference between RFX and RFQ?

RFX is the umbrella term for any request for information or pricing. RFQ refers specifically to requests for quotations focused purely on pricing.

How to create a compelling RFX response?

Compelling RFX responses fully meet the requested specifications, clearly communicate value, provide realistic timelines/pricing, and follow instructions for proper formatting and submission.

What does RFX mean in procurement?

In procurement, RFX is used to solicit proposals, pricing, or information from potential suppliers during the sourcing process. It allows procurement teams to evaluate multiple vendors to find the best fit.

About the Author

Peter Bonney is a co-founder and Chief Executive Officer at Vendorful. He has been helping organizations with their RFP challenges since 2016. Prior to that, in his role as an investment manger, he watched way to many companies get burned by poor RFP processes, and personally dealt with the pain of DDQs and other complex business questionnaires.

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